A comparison of auditory and visual apparent motion presented individually and with crossmodal moving distractors

TitleA comparison of auditory and visual apparent motion presented individually and with crossmodal moving distractors
Publication TypeJournal Papers
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsStrybel, TZ, Vatakis, A
JournalPerception
Volume33
Pagination1033–1048
AbstractUnimodal auditory and visual apparent motion (AM) and bimodal audiovisual AM were investigated to determine the effects of crossmodal integration on motion perception and direction-of-motion discrimination in each modality. To determine the optimal stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) ranges for motion perception and direction discrimination, we initially measured unimodal visual and auditory AMs using one of four durations (50, 100, 200, or 400 ms) and ten SOAs (40 - 450 ms). In the bimodal conditions, auditory and visual AM were measured in the presence of temporally synchronous, spatially displaced distractors that were either congruent (moving in the same direction) or conflicting (moving in the opposite direction) with respect to target motion. Participants reported whether continuous motion was perceived and its direction. With unimodal auditory and visual AM, motion perception was affected differently by stimulus duration and SOA in the two modalities, while the opposite was observed for direction of motion. In the bimodal audiovisual AM condition, discriminating the direction of motion was affected only in the case of an auditory target. The perceived direction of auditory but not visual AM was reduced to chance levels when the crossmodal distractor direction was conflicting. Conversely, motion perception was unaffected by the distractor direction and, in some cases, the mere presencetlsb> of a distractor facilitated movement perception.
URLhttp://www.perceptionweb.com/abstract.cgi?id=p5255
DOI10.1068/p5255